University of Illinois Urbana‑Champaign

What Is "FPL"?

Federal poverty levels (FPLs) are often used to determine whether individuals or families are eligible for certain government programs. The federal poverty level is a measure of income issued every year by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

What is "FPL"?

How FPL Works

Each January, the U.S. Census Bureau issues a set of preliminary poverty thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who lives in poverty.

table with poverty threshold data

Poverty thresholds by size of family and number of children